Romain Murenzi is the Executive Director of TWAS, the academy of sciences for the developing world, in Trieste, Italy, since April 1, 2011. He was born in Rwanda and raised in Burundi. After graduating from the National University of Burundi in 1982, he taught mathematics in high school for three years before being awarded a fellowship for doctoral studies from the Catholic University of Louvain, where he earned his doctorate degree in physics in 1990. He later became:
(i) Chairman of Physics Department at Clark Atlanta University from 1999 to 2001.
(ii) Minister of Education, Science, Technology and Scientific Research from August 2001 to March 2006.
(iii) Minister in President's Office in Charge of Science, Technology, and Scientific Research from March 2006 to July 2009. This included information technologies.
(iv) He returned to the United States in 2009 to assume a joint appointment as Director of the Center for Science, Technology, and Sustainable Development at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in Washington, DC, and visiting professor at the University of Maryland's Institute of Advanced Computer Studies in College Park, Maryland.